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Types Of Structural Steel Beams

September 12, 2022

Beams are an essential element of any construction project, and there are a variety of different types that can be used. Structural steel beams are one of the most common choices for both commercial and residential projects. They offer a number of advantages, including strength, durability, and versatility. Here is a closer look at some of the different types of steel beams that are available.


Types of structural steel beams used for construction projects



I-beams get their name from their distinctive shape; they are essentially two parallel flanges with a web in between. I-beams are some of the most widely used beams in construction. They are often used for support beams in walls and ceilings, as well as for load-bearing roof trusses and floor joists. I-beam steel beams are available in a variety of sizes and can be made from either rolled or structural steel.


H-beams are similar to I-beams, but they have a tapered flange on one side of the web. This tapered flange helps to distribute weight more evenly, making H-beams a good choice for use in load-bearing applications. H-beams are also often used in construction projects that require heavier loads than what an I-beam can accommodate.


L-beams get their name from their L-shaped cross-section. Like I-beams, they have two flanges with a web in between. However, the web of an L-beam is not symmetrical; one side is longer than the other. L-beams are a good choice for applications where space is limited, as they can be used in place of heavier beams without sacrificing strength or stability.


T-beams have a T-shaped cross-section, with the top of the T being wider than the bottom. This gives them increased strength and stiffness compared to other types of beams. T-beams are often used in bridge construction, as well as in buildings where long spans are required.

Channel Beams

Channel beams have a C-shaped cross-section, with two flanges that come together at a right angle. Channel beams are often used in applications where there is a need for extra support, such as in walls or ceilings. They can also be used to create strong yet lightweight structures.

Box Beams

Box beams are similar to channel beams, but they have an additional flange on one side. This gives them increased strength and stiffness, making them ideal for use in load-bearing applications. Box beams are often used in the construction of warehouses and other large buildings.

These are just a few of the different types of structural steel beams that are available. Each has its own unique advantages, so it is important to choose the right type of beam for your specific application. Scarboro Steel Works Limited is one of the leading suppliers of structural steel. We also undertake all types of structural steel fabrication work. Contact us today to learn about everything we can do for you.