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What is involved in structural steel manufacturing?

November 21, 2022

Structural steel is a critical component in the construction of buildings, bridges, and other infrastructure. It is strong, durable, and easy to work with, which makes it an ideal material for a wide range of applications. But how is this steel manufactured? In this blog post, we will take a look at the process of manufacturing steel, from the raw materials to the finished product. We will also explore some of the challenges that engineers and fabricators face when working with this material.

The process of making structural steel

While the exact process of making this steel varies slightly from one manufacturer to the next, the general steps are as follows:


1. Raw materials (iron ore, coal, and limestone) are mined from the ground and brought to a nearby steel mill.

2. The raw materials are then mixed together in a blast furnace, where they are heated to over 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit. This process causes the iron to separate from the other materials in the mixture.

3. The iron is then poured into moulds called "ingots." These ingots will eventually be made into various types of steel products.

4. The ingots are then reheated and passed through a series of rollers that gradually shape them into large sheets of steel.

5. Finally, the steel sheets are cut to size and sent off to be used in construction projects around the world!


How to choose the right type of structural steel for your project

There are a few things to consider when choosing the right type of structural steel for your project. The first is the environment in which the steel will be used. If the structure will be exposed to the elements, then weathering steel should be considered. This type of steel is designed to resist corrosion and can last up to four times longer than traditional carbon steel.


Another thing to consider is the load that the structure will need to support. If it will be a heavy load, then high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel should be used. This type of steel has a higher strength-to-weight ratio than traditional carbon steel, making it ideal for structures that need to support a lot of weight.


Finally, you'll need to decide on the size and shape of the steel you need. Structural steels come in a variety of shapes, including beams, channels, angles, and plates. The size and shape you need will depend on the design of your structure.


If you're not sure which type of structural steel is right for your project, talk to a professional engineer or architect who can help you make the best decision for your needs.


In conclusion, structural steel is manufactured through a process of heating, cooling, and working the steel to achieve the desired shape. The process is carefully monitored to ensure that the steel meets all of the required specifications. Once the manufacturing process is complete, the steel is then ready to be used in a variety of construction projects. You can rely on Scarboro Steel Works Limited for all your steel beam needs. Call us today to learn about everything we can do for you.